Lord Ganesha is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. He is the god of wisdom. In most of the places, the birth of Ganesha is celebrated for 10 days. It begins on the Bhadrapad Shukla Chaturthi occurring on the 4th waxing moon day which is also known as ganesh chaturthi.
Bhagwan Ganesh Chaturthi Pooja vidhi
Things that you need for ganesh pooja
You can do the Pooja Vidhi at home. Here is the list of things you need. Collect them before you begin your pooja.
- One Red Cloth
- Buy Lord Ganesh idol (photo is also acceptable)
- Raw rice unbroken
- Earthen lamp with a wick and ghee
- Incense sticks
- Flowers and flower garland
- Sacred Thread
- Grass leaves
Once you have all the things in place, you can do the pooja. During the time of the pooja, you should fast and pray to the Lord Ganesha who releases you from pain and suffering.
Method of doing the pooja
First step is to spread the red cloth on the floor in the place where you want to do the pooja. Now, place the idol of Lord Ganesha on the red cloth (chawki). If you do not have the idol, you can use a photograph of the Lord Ganesh.
Light the incense sticks and place it in front of Lord Ganesha. You must invoke the Lord Ganesha by calling, “Come to the Pooja and receive the offering, O! Lord Ganesha!” Light the earthen lamp and the pooja will begin.
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Sprinkle the ganga jal on the idol of Lord Ganesha. It is like giving him a bath. Offer sacred thread to the Lord. It is as if you are offering clothes to him. Apply Tilak of Roli on the forehead of the Ganesha idol. It is now time for the Panchopchar pooja.
God Vinayaka Panchopchar pooja
This consists of five steps – Purification (Pavitrakeeran), Sipping Water (Aachamana), Tying the Knot (ShikaBandhanam), Breath Control (Pranayama), and Super-Imposition (Nyasa).
First is the Pavitrakeeran. Take the water in your left palm and cover it with your right hand. Say the Gayatri mantra and sprinkle it over your whole body. This Upasana has maximum effect if you let the purification of the water cover your entire body.
Next is the Aachamana. Take three spoonful of water and sip it three times. With every sip say the Gayatri mantra. These three Aachamana is symbolic of three types of latent energy in the Gayatri mantra – Hreem, power of wisdom, Shreem, power of plenty, and Kleem, power.
Shika Bandhanam is the typing of the tuft of hair on the top of the head. You must touch it with wet fingers while saying the Gayathri mantra. This will awaken the Sahasrara Chakra within us. This is symbolized by the 100 petalled lotus and it is in our Brahma Randhara. If you have no hair, you can touch the top of the head with wet fingers.
Now we come to pranayama. This consists of four parts. First sit in a comfortable position and think happy thoughts. Keeps lips closed and eyes half or fully closed. Inhale from both nostrils. Chant the following – Om Bhur Bhuvah Swah and think this: I attract the power of Brahman the conscious prana shakti who is all pervading and remover of all distresses and spreads happiness. Inhale until your lungs are full. This stage is known as Pooraka.
Retain the breath inside and repeat the part of the manta tat saviturvarenyam with the feeling: The prana inside me is noble and brilliant like the sun. This is known as the antahkumbhaka. You should do the retain the breath inside for only half the period that you do the Pooraka. So, if you do Pooraka for 6 seconds, then you should retain the air inside for only 3 seconds.
Do the exhalation slowly through both nostrils. Repeat the bhargodevasya part of the mantra with the feeling: The divine prana is destroying all the sins and removing them from my body. I become fresh and powerful. This rechaka must take the same time you take for the Pooraka.
Retain your breath outside your body for the same amount of time you held it inside. This is known as the Bahya Kumbhaka. Without any air in the lungs you must recite the dhiyoyonah part of the mantra with the feeling that the Vedamata Bhagwati Gayatri is awakening your satbuddhi. This part of the pranayama you must do thrice. It removes the blemishes of the body, speech, and mind.
Nyasa is superimposing the satvic power of Gayatri in various parts of the body. Join the thumb and index finger of the right hand and dip them in water. Now, touch them to the distinct parts of the body where you lock the satvic power. Chant the Gayatri mantra and touch the organs such as:
- Om Bhur Bhuvah Swah – head
- Tat Savituh – both eyes
- Varenyam – both ears
- Bhargo – mouth
- Devasya – throat
- Dheemahi – heart
- Dhiyoyonah – naval
- Prachodayat – hands and feet
Begin the worship
Now we begin the worship. First, we invoke the mother earth. We worship the motherland and the whole planet earth. This is followed by the ishta deva poojanam. The incense sticks are lit and invite the Maha shakti Gayatri to the altar.
Show the lamp to the Lord Ganesha. Now, offer the dhoop sticks. Put the Sindoor tilak on the forehead. You can either apply the tilak to the forehead or apply to the entire body. If you apply to the whole body, it is known as Chola. This is done according to Shiv Purana. You should offer Chola when you have Lord Ganesha on your main door. Also, put raw unbroken rice on the tilak.
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Offer Lord Ganesha the ladoo and sacred water to drink. Offer the scent to him. Make the offering of the flowers and flower garland to Ganesha. Now, offer grass leaves and meditate on the Lord Ganesha. Recite the beej mantra of Lord Ganesha Om Gam Ganpataye Namah 108 times at least. Keep meditating on the Lord Ganesha all the time.
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Ganesh Puja Visarjan Vidhi
Give thanks to the Lord Ganesha for coming to the pooja. Offer flower and raw rice on the red cloth when you say this. Please receive my offering and reside again in your divine place. Lord Ganesha is pleased very quickly with your Pooja and fulfills all your wishes.
You get the blessing when you offer prayer at the lotus feet of the Lord Ganesha. Be sure to fast and meditate on the Lord Ganesha during the festival period. Follow this pooja vidhi and male Lord Vinayaka happy.